Zola, Émile

(1840-1902)
   writer
   Born in Paris, Émile Zola spent his formative years, raised by his mother, in Aix-en-Provence. After returning to Paris, he soon abandoned his studies and took a number of jobs before becoming a journalist. At first an ardent romantic (Contes à Ninon, 1864) and critic of modern art (Édouard Manet, 1867), he moved to naturalism with Thérèse Raquin (1867) and, an enthusiast of claude Bernard, sought to write an "experimental novel" based on theories of heredity and the environment. in 1868, he outlined the genealogy of Rougon-Macquart and, from 1871 to 1893, the 20 volumes of Histoire naturelle et social d'une famille sous le Second Empire appeared. It was then L'Assomoir (1877) that assured Zola his success. Henceforth a leader of the naturalist writers (guy de maupassant and joris-karl huysmans), he defined his style in Le Roman expérimental (1880) and continued his cyclical work: Nana (1880), which harshly denounced the foibles of the wealthy and elite, and Germinal (1885), a powerful evocation of a miners' strike that was extremely successful and controversial. His preoccupation with social issues (he was a reader of charles fourier, pierre-joseph proudhon, and Karl Marx) was already apparent in Au Bonheur des dames (1883), and his emerging socialist sympathies were soon strongly reinforced. Converted, he followed these inquiries into the world of workers to the doctrines of socialism and, from that point on, had a humanitarian character (Les quatre Évangiles, 1899-1903 ar hymns to human progress) and sense of political commitment, especially after the Dreyfus affair (see dreyfus, alfred), during which he issued his resounding statement, "J'accuse," published in

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ZOLA, ÉMILE° — (1840–1902), French novelist and champion of alfred dreyfus . In Zola s 20 volume Rougon Macquart novel cycle (1871–93), a naturalistic portrayal of French social decay under the Second Empire of Napoleon III, there are Jewish characters who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zola, Émile — Zo·la (zōʹlə, zō läʹ), Émile. 1840 1902. French writer and critic who was a leading proponent of naturalism in fiction. His works include Les Rougon Macquart (1871 1893), a series of 20 novels, and “J Accuse” (1898), a letter in defense of Alfred …   Universalium

  • Zola, Émile — ► (1840 1902) Novelista francés, el más significado de la escuela naturalista. Publicó obras de crítica literaria y artística. En la serie de novelas Los Rougon Macquart, historia natural y social de una familia durante el segundo Imperio intenta …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ZOLA, ÉMILE —    a noted French novelist of the realistic school, or of what he prefers to call the naturalist school, born in Paris, of Italian descent; began literature as a journalist, specially in the critical department, but soon gave himself up to novel… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Zola, Émile (-Édouard-Charles-Antoine) — born April 2, 1840, Paris, France died Sept. 28, 1902, Paris French novelist and critic. Raised in straitened circumstances, Zola worked at a Paris publishing house for several years during the 1860s while establishing himself as a writer. In the …   Universalium

  • Zola, Émile (-Édouard-Charles-Antoine) — (2 abr. 1840, París, Francia–28 sep. 1902, París). Novelista y crítico francés. Criado en un barrio obrero en condiciones cercanas a la pobreza, Zola trabajó para una editorial de París durante varios años en la década de 1860, mientras intentaba …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zola — Zola, Émile …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emile ZOLA — Émile Zola Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zola (homonymie). Émile Zola …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emile Zola (1840-1902) — Émile Zola Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zola (homonymie). Émile Zola …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zola — Émile Zola Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zola (homonymie). Émile Zola …   Wikipédia en Français

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